I was chuffed to discover today that English Wikipedia’s main page features a link to sociologist, feminist, and campaigner for lesbian and gay rights Mary Susan McIntosh. It’s always great to see women featured on Wikipedia’s main page, which is viewed by around 4 million people, but I confess to being doubly pleased because I created the article on Mary at a recent editathon to mark International Women’s Day here at the University of Edinburgh. This editathon was facilitated by Ewan McAndrew, Wikimedian in Residence here at the University, and Ewan was also instrumental in nominating Mary to appear on the main page.
Only last week I had been complaining on twitter about the lack of gender balance on English Wikipedia’s main page which happened to feature 18 named men but only 4 named women that particular day. The main page changes on a daily basis but you can see the edition from 4th May on archive.org here.
— Lorna M. Campbell (@LornaMCampbell) May 4, 2017
Of course this is not particularly surprising; Wikipedia has a well known problem with gender imbalance, only 16% of biographical entries on the English Wikipedia are of women, and the main page is a pretty accurate reflection of this imbalance. The Wikimedia Foundation and the various Wikimedia chapters around the world, including Wikimedia UK, are well aware of this problem and are attempting to address it through a range of projects and initiatives. WikiProject Women in Red raises awareness of this issue and aims to turn red links blue, by creating new biographical articles about women who are referenced on Wikipedia but who do not have their own pages. And here at the University of Edinburgh, one of the objectives of our Wikimedian in Residence is to encourage more women to get involved with editing Wikimedia. Ewan regularly runs editathons focused on addressing the coverage of articles about women in general and Scottish women in particular.
Before I went along to the International Women’s Day editathon, I confess knew nothing about Mary Susan McIntosh, I picked her name at random from a list of “Women in Red” because she sounded interesting. It didn’t take me long to realise what a hugely significant and influential woman Mary was. In addition to being one of the early members of the UK Gay Liberation Front, and sitting on the committee that lowered the homosexual age of consent in the UK from 21 to 18, Mary published important research arguing that homosexuality should be regarded as a social construct, rather than a psychiatric or clinical pathology. Mary’s paper The Homosexual Role helped to shape the concept of social constructionism, later developed by Michel Foucault. Mary’s contribution to shaping this important philosophical construct has of course been largely overlooked. My Wikipedia article barely scrapes the surface of Mary’s life and academic career and her important contribution to social theory and political activism. I hope to do a bit more work on Mary’s Wikipedia page sometime in the future but it would be great if there are any philosophers, sociologists or critical theorists out there that could help with editing to ensure that Mary gets the recognition she deserves.
@emcandre @LornaMCampbell @EdinburghUni @wikimediauk FRONTPAGE! Mary was thrown out of the USA for objecting to McCarthyism – Well Done. She IS NOW 1 of 16% fem on wikihttps://t.co/3HKuiJY3F8 pic.twitter.com/nKnbs52Lby
— Women in Red (@WikiWomenInRed) May 11, 2017